Filipino essay tagalog

This is when the adjective is accompanied by the words "napaka", "ubod ng", "saksakan ng", "talagang", "sobrang", "masyadong" or the repetition of the whole adjective. The description in this degree is intense or excess. Examples: napakalakas so strong , ubod ng bait really kind , talagang mabango truly fragrant , sobrang makinis oversmooth. Examples: ma li liit small , ma ga ganda beautiful.

Example: Ang ma gaga ndang damit ay kasya kina Erica at Bel. The beautiful clothes can fit to Erica and Bel. There are 3 ligatures in total.

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This is used if the preceding word is ending on a consonant except n. This is not written on the preceding word but separated. It is in the middle of the modifier and the word they're modifying. This is used if the preceding word is ending on a vowel. It is placed at the end of the preceding word.

This is used if the preceding word is ending in n. Modifiers alter, qualify, clarify or limit other elements in a sentence structure. They are optional grammatical elements but they change the meaning of the element they are modifying in particular ways. Examples of modifiers are adjectives modifies nouns , adjectival clauses, adverbs modifies verbs and adverbial clauses.

Nouns can also modify other nouns.


In Tagalog, word categories are fluid: a word can sometimes be an adverb or an adjective depending on the word it modifies. If the word being modified is a noun, then the modifier is an adjective, if the word being modified is a verb, then it is an adverb. For example, the word 'mabilis' means 'fast' in English.

The Tagalog word 'mabilis' can be used to describe nouns like 'koneho' 'rabbit' in 'konehong mabilis' 'quick rabbit'. In that phrase, 'mabilis' was used as an adjective. The same word can be used to describe verbs, one can say 'tumakbong mabilis' which means 'quickly ran'. In that phrase, 'mabilis' was used as an adverb. The Tagalog word for 'rabbit' is 'koneho' and 'ran' is 'tumakbo' but they showed up in the phrases as 'koneho-ng' and 'tumakbo-ng'.

Tagalog uses something called a "linker" that always surfaces in the context of modification. Tagalog has the linkers -ng and na. In the examples mentioned, the linker - ng was used because the word before the linker ends in a vowel. The second linker, na is used everywhere else the na used in modification is not the same as the adverb na which means 'now' or 'already'.

Seeing the enclitics -ng and na are good indications that there is modification in the clause.

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These linkers can appear before or after the modifier. The next sections discuss the distribution of linkers in different contexts adjectival, adverbial, nominal and clausal modifiers. It is an adjunct to an XP and requires a complement XP.

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It is an adjunct because modifiers are optional but adds meaning to a phrase. It needs a complement because by itself, it is no longer a modifier. It needs either the word being modified or the modifier as a complement. In Tagalog, when a noun composes with an adjective, adverb or another noun in attributive position, a linker is obligatory. The linker na demonstrates that the adjective 'maganda' 'beautiful' is modifying the noun 'bahay' 'house'. The linker na is used instead of -ng because the noun preceding the linker, 'bahay' 'house' ends with a consonant. Without the linker na , the phrase is ungrammatical as shown in 1b.

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There is no modification because the linker is missing: the adjective 'maganda' is not modifying 'bahay'. The tree shows the grammatical phrase in 1a. AP adjectival phrase 'maganda' is a complement to Mod modifier na because the linker needs the adjective to modify NP noun phrase 'bahay'.

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In the previous example, the noun came before the adjective. In this example, the adjective came before the noun. Despite the order being different, the meaning is the same. The linker -ng is still needed to show that there is modification, that 'maganda' beautiful is modifying 'bahay' house. The linker -ng is used in this example because the word before the linker, 'maganda' ends with a vowel.

Without the linker -ng , the phrase is ungrammatical as shown in 2b. In 2b , there is no modification because the linker is missing. It is just like listing the words 'house' and 'beautiful'. The following tree shows the grammatical phrase in 2a. The tree is very similar to the tree in 1a except that this time, NP 'bahay' is the complement and AP 'maganda' is in the specifier position of NP.

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However, if the adjective appears in predicative position, linker is prohibited. It is when the property of being 'beautiful' is ascribed to the 'house' using a verb. In other words, when an adjective is a predicate. If you add a linker, it results into an ungrammatical sentence as shown in 3b. When the verb is assigning the adjective to the noun, a linker should not be placed. The symbol! The tree shows the grammatical phrase in 3a. AP 'maganda' is assigned to 'bahay' by the verb 'ang' and ModP is not included.

The distribution of the linker is similar in adverbs and modifier nouns. We can easily replace the adjective in the examples with an adverb and the noun with a verb to turn it into a context of adverbial modification. The examples can be replaced with the adverbial phrases 'tumakbong mabilis' or 'mabilis na tumakbo' which both means 'ran quickly'. If the adjective and the noun are replaced with two nouns, it will turn into nominal modification.

The examples can be replaced with phrases that have nominal modifiers like 'babaeng doktor' 'woman, who is a doctor' and 'doktor na babae' 'woman-doctor'. The same linkers na and -ng are used and they pattern the same way in adverbial and nominal modification: linkers are obligatory in attributive position but are prohibited in predicate position.

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Linker is also obligatory when a clause is modifying a word. In 1a , the linker -ng is needed for the clause 'binili ni Maria' to modify 'libro'. The linker -ng is used because ' libro' ends with a vowel. Similar to the other types of modifiers, a linker is needed to say that the clause is modifying the noun. There is no modification if the linker is not present. The only difference here is that the word doing the modifying is a series of words, a clause instead of a single word. If the linker -ng is not included, the phrase is ungrammatical as shown in 1b. In 1b , the phrase cannot mean 'the book that Maria bought' because there is no element that produces modification. The relative order of the word being modified and the clause is flexible like the other modifiers.

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Example 2a shows the clause 'binili ni Maria' before the noun 'libro' as opposed to the previous example where the noun came before the modifying clause. The linker -ng is still used because 'Maria' ends in a vowel as well. The order is different but the meaning of the two phrases is the same.